Alberta Hike: Horseshoe Canyon in Drumheller, Canada’s Best Badlands

Alberta Hike: Horseshoe Canyon in Drumheller, Canada’s Best Badlands

Canada’s Baddest Badland: Horseshoe Canyon in Alberta

The Horseshoe Canyon in Drumheller, Alberta, is one of Canada’s baddest Badlands. In 1743, French Canadian explorers François and Louis Joseph de la Verendrye coined the term ‘Badlands’ (‘les mauvaises terres‘ in french), when they first encountered it on their travels through the Prairies in Central Alberta, Canada. Today, this Badland area, Horsethief Canyon and the Horseshoe Canyon in Drumheller, offers curious visitors stunning vistas and numerous scenic hiking trails. Although it is only a small patch in comparison to the rest of Canada’s lush landscape, the Canadian Badlands has its own selling point —it is an area steeped in history. 

Much different from the rest of Canada, the Badlands contains a mixture of prairies, grasslands, ghost towns, buttes, canyons, hoodoo rock formations, coulees and ravines. The early French settlers found the area too arid to be suitable for farming, thus the term ‘les mauvaises terres’, or ‘bad lands.’ This so-called badlands extend along the Red Deer River Valley, east-southwards from the city of Red Deer, Alberta, through the small city of Drumheller, and all the way to the Saskatchewan border. However, much to their surprise, they soon discovered the terrain was rich in coal and fossils.

Horseshoe Canyon Drumheller Alberta

The First Nations people were the first to discover these animal fossils. In fact, they believed the fossils were vestiges of gigantic ancestors of the Bison, and that the Badlands was one giant graveyard for these animals. And that the unusual Hoodoos formations, were the protectors of the bison’s and ancient animals’ spirits. 

Looking at the Badlands now, it’s hard to imagine that the dinosaurs and enormous animals once roam the lands. Parts of the landscape look like another planet or the face of the moon, yet this is not the kind of ‘world’ the dinosaurs inhabited. When they reigned around 230 million to 65 million years ago, this area was covered in jungles, with areas of deltas, and rivers that extended into the shallow sea.

The Badland we see now was created over 10,000 years ago as a result of flash floods which carved out valleys progressively over a long period of time, creating the Red Deer Valley. Interestingly, the Drumheller Badlands is one of the few areas in the world where sedimentary layers have been scraped off by natural processes, thus exposing complete dinosaur skeletons, proving itself to be a vast terrain of fossil discovery. If you are a lover of history and geology, this beautiful scenery should be a must visit when travelling through Alberta.

My cute little puppy hiking at Horseshoe Canyon

Exploring the Horseshoe Canyon Hike

Most people that drive through Drumheller never go past the viewpoint at the parking area because even from inside your car, you are rewarded with a pleasing vista of the ancient canyon. However, for those adventurous souls (who aren’t afraid of rattlesnakes), they are rewarded with many nooks, crannies and hoodoos to explore. With the right footwear, you can scramble down and explore the whole area —if you have a lot of time on hand, as it is pretty vast.

If you do choose to explore, you will find many unique rock formations, plants and interesting wildlife you won’t be able to see anywhere else in Canada. Many people who have travelled to Horseshoe Canyon as a child are always surprise when they revisit the area again. There are always new paths to explore and new spots to see. This area is always evolving, though from afar it seems to remain the same.

My cute puppy and Saven Mi enjoying the view at Horseshoe Canyon

Horseshoe Canyon is awe-inspiring with a multitude of hiking possibilities. But if hiking isn’t your cup of tea, there’s an option to take in the sights of Drumheller in a helicopter ride. This is available on site by Mountain View Helicopters. In my opinion, it is well worth the money to take the ride as you are able to see the canyon and its surrounding area from a whole new perspective.

My sister and I at Horseshoe Canyon

Horseshoe Canyon received its name from the two 5 km arms that were formed into a horseshoe shape when it was carved by the glacier. It is a beautiful area to explore in the autumn, or early and late spring, but in the summer, be aware that temperatures can go to 40 degree Celsius. Also, it is not recommended to hike into the canyon during the rain, or if it had previously rained that day. The particular type of clay and mud on the canyon floor is as slick as oil when it’s wet. There wouldn’t be any warning signs around to tell you this because according to the Alberta government, we’re smart enough to know this little fact.

Orkney Viewpoint at Drumheller near Horseshoe Canyon

Before you head out of Drumheller, make to the west side and take a quick stop at the Orkney Viewpoint that overlooks the Red Deer River Valley. Orkney Lookout is a quiet, easily accessed and somewhat private natural lookout point situated on the high red rock cliffs above the Red Deer River with views consists of rolling coulees, hoodoos, grasslands, birds and the Bleriot Ferry crossing. All of which are best viewed with a set of binoculars. The great this about his viewpoint is that there’s no fence barring you from exploration —to enjoy its view completely. However, if you’re travelling with kids, be sure to hold them close as there are some steep drops (along with no fence).

Orkney Viewpoint at Drumheller a short drive from Horseshoe Canyon

How to get to Horseshoe Canyon

At the Horseshoe Canyon recreation area on Highway 9, 17 km SW of Drumheller. From the parking area, you can find several options to descend into the canyon and its many trail system.

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Alberta travel guide to horseshoe canyon in Drumheller


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  1. Oh wow, I’d never heard of Horseshoe Canyon before! It looks absolutely gorgeous and like an amazing place to explore.

  2. This blog is definitely rather handy since I’m at the moment creating an internet floral website – although I am only starting out therefore it’s really fairly small, nothing like this site. Can link to a few of the posts here as they are quite. Thanks much. Zoey Olsen

  3. I do lots of hiking in Romania, but I have to admit that the views from Alberta, Canada are one of a kind. Would love to do this hiking trip one day. Let’s swap places. I invite you for a hiking trip in Transylvania and you tell me if I should come to Alberta or not. Agreed?
    Here are some pics from the Carpathian mountains:

  4. Wow awesome post! That looks beautiful, amazing picture.

  5. WOW! These photos are absolutely incredible. Cookie has to be the cutest thing i’ve ever seen. Our dogs name was “Smookie” for “small- cookie”. I’m excited to follow along. xoxo sam

    1. Thank you 🙂 She’s a trooper. For a small dog, she’s so adventurous. That’s a cute dog name. What breed is she/he?

  6. What an awesome post! That looks beautiful and I love your blog too!

    1. Thank you! Glad you liked it =)

  7. Wow those are amazing pictures, my friend is facing issue with uploading high quality pictures how do you do it?

    1. I keep the quality high while editing. Once it’s saved at the highest quality setting, I upload it to optimizilla to compress it down. Usually it goes from 2mb to 300-600kb.

  8. Oh wow it really looks amazing !! Cookie certainly seems to be enjoying the view x

  9. Looks like a dream!!!

  10. The horseshoe canyon shot is so amazing

  11. This is a part of Canada I didn’t know about thanks for sharing.

  12. Your photos are amazing! I’ve never heard of this place but now I’d like to visit. It looks like an incredible day.

  13. This looks so beautiful i love learning about the history of places too, i find it really interesting. Im putting this on my places to visit list.

  14. The horseshoe canyon is such an amazing place/view! My family and I always bring our guests here since we live just a few hours away!

  15. This is absolutely beautiful! I had no idea about the history of this place. Thank you for sharing.

  16. I. AM. JEAOULOUS. What a view, I can’t imagine the experience of just being there. It’s so beautiful!

  17. That looks like such a great place to visit! Maybe I can add this to my must see list! Nice post!

  18. I love hiking and this looks amazing although the little bit about rattle snakes does scare me 🙂 I see you brought your dog too so it must not be too much of an issue. love the panoramic photos, really beautiful.

  19. What an amazing landscape! On Kauai there is the greenest canyon I’ve ever seen in my life, I had no idea so many of these layered features exist (as a kid I thought the Grand Canyon was the only one). Your pup is such an intrepid explorer!

  20. I really like the colourful picture! Looks like a beautiful place to explore.

  21. Oh my gosh, I am amazed by this scenery. You took some amazing photos. I’d love to be here.

  22. We are a nature loving couple so this sounds like a perfect experience for us. Your photos are amazing! Love the fact you have your dog with you

  23. Gorgeous landscape and incredible photography! I will have to add this to my travel list!

  24. Beautiful pictures, and I learned a little history today, thank you.

  25. Wow! What a gorgeous place! You snagged some amazing photographs too!

  26. Badlands sound and look straight out of the LOTR!!! Gorgeous photography and that pic of you hauling yourseld up looks worth the effort!!

  27. Never been in Canada. Great photos!
    Love the dog :*

  28. Beautiful pictures. It looks like a great experience. I can’t believe your fur baby posed for the pictures.

  29. Beautiful photography. Love your puppy 🙂

  30. Pinned this destination on my list.. Very soon shall cover it up! Very well described & loved cookie enjoying:)

  31. Such lovely pictures! I have never heard of this place and not sure if I will get to go there anytime soon, but thanks for sharing!

  32. Never knew there were Badlands in Canada too! But my N America geography isn’t so great. It looks like a stunning area to visit.

  33. I have driven through the area and visited the amazing museum, but have never hiked it. Next time!


  34. What a breathtaking place! And I’m sure the pictures don’t even do it justice. A place like that needs to be seen in person. Thanks for sharing!

  35. Added this destination to my holiday list ???

  36. What beautiful pictures. I love history, so it was really neat to learn about the Drumheller. Thanks!

  37. Those photographs are stunning and what an amazing place it is to travel 🙂 Great information for exploring the place 🙂

  38. WOW! What an amazingly beautiful place. I’ve never heard of Horseshoe Canyon-thanks for the great post!

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